What causes DiGeorge Syndrome?

digeorge_chromosomes.jpgDiGeorge Syndrome is caused by the deletion of part of chromosome 22. Your average person has twenty three chromosomes, each containing five hundred to eight hundred genes each. The section of chromosome 22 that is deleted contains only about thirty to forty genes, but that is more that you think if you remember that each cell in your body contains twenty-three chromosomes. That means that every cell in your body is missing those chromosomes that were deleted from your twenty-second chromosome. You have between seventy-five and one hundred trillion cells in your body. You do the math.
Now, why does this deleltion happen? Well, there is no real reason for the deletion of a region of chromosome 22. It all happenes randomly and can occur in either the father's sperm or the mother's egg. It could also occur very early on in the development of the child. This means that the deletion of part of chromosome 22 is deleted in most or all of the cells in your body.
Because this disease is randomly started in the sperm, egg, or fetal stages of development and happens in the chromosomes, it is not contagious.


Is it Curable?

Unfortunatly, DiGeorge Syndrome is not curable. Scientists and doctors have come up with treatments for this disease,
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Heart
however that have become very affective. Some treatments may include Calcium and Vitamin D suplaments, medications or sugery for heart defects, and/or a replaced thymus gland.

The life expectancy for a person with this disease varies greatly. Depending on the sevarity of the defect(s) the life span of the person will differ.

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Thymus